Solid timber and laminated timber
One can face the question of whether to prefer solid timber or laminated timber when planning the purchase of a wooden house. The wall thickness is often imposed by the structure of the house (house dimensions, height, existence of partition walls, etc); the purpose of the house (whether it is used as a storage place or a house suitable for living) and ease of maintenance should be taken as the basis in other circumstances. A few qualities characteristic to both timber types are listed in the following to facilitate making your decision:
» Solid timber
Solid timber qualities:
• Moisture content 18% +/-2%
• Drying fissures and cracks are possible
• Walls can sink up to 5% after completing the construction; adjustment may be required
Using solid timber:
Suitable for using with more lightweight constructions, such as garden houses, summer houses, etc. Additional insulation is required when the house is to be used all the year round.
» Laminated timber
Laminated timber combines the modern technology and centuries-old tradition of building wooden houses, in which healthy living environment and good qualities of the timber have been preserved and undesirable qualities of the solid wood have been reduced.
Laminated timber qualities:
• More stable (no expansion-contraction or distortion)
• Moisture content 12% +/-2%
• Homogenous structure (no fissures, defects) so it also looks good
• Walls sink less after completing the construction (up to 2%) and are thus easier to build and require less adjustment. Tenon joints stay tighter.
• Better fire resistance and heat insulation.
Using laminated timber:
Suitable for using in more lightweight constructions, such as summerhouses, saunas as well as larger houses. Laminated timber is recommended for residential houses; the house may require heat insulation, depending on the location of the house, climate and local construction standards.